There are several proven advantages of Montessori education and the Montessori classroom. Research shows that the principles of Montessori education positively affect learning outcomes for children of all ages.
1.Montessori intertwines movement and learning, and research shows that movement enhances learning and cognition.
2.Montessori allows choice in the learning environment, and research shows that choice leads to an enhanced sense of control, which optimizes learning.
3.Montessori education stimulates interest in learning through the environment and the presentation of materials, and research shows a positive correlation between interest and learning.
4.Extrinsic rewards, such as gold stars, proved to have a negative effect on learning; Montessori education emphasizes intrinsic motivation over extrinsic forms.
5.Montessori education allows learning from peers, and studies have identified many benefits of collaborative learning.
6.Montessori classrooms stress meaningful contexts for learning, and research has shown that this produces deeper and richer absorption of information, versus learning in abstract contexts.
7.The teacher styles used in the Montessori classroom stress warmth, sensitivity, and high standards, and this interactive style is associated with optimal learning outcomes.
Montessori education provides an ordered learning environment that allows more freedom than traditional classrooms. The freedom within an ordered environment produces the positive features and outcomes described above.
“Our care of the child should be governed, not by the desire to make him learn things, but by the endeavor always to keep burning within him that light which is called intelligence.”
– Maria Montessori in Spontaneous Activity in Education