ARCHIVE FOR

March2016

MONTESSORI EDUCATION THEORY

11 IDENTIFIED HUMAN TENDENCIES Abstraction                                                                                                                                                           Activity                                                                                                                                                                              Communication                                                                                                                                                             Exactness                                                                                                                                                                           Exploration                                                                                                                                                                   Manipulation (of the environment) Order Orientation Repetition Self-Perfection Work (purposeful activity) In the Montessori approach, these human tendencies are seen as driving behavior in every stage of development, and education should respond to and facilitate their expression.   

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MONTESSORI EDUCATION

EMPHASIZES INDEPENDENCE, FREEDOM WITHIN LIMITS, AND RESPECT FOR A CHILD’S PHYCHOLOGICAL, PHYSICAL, AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Mixed age classrooms, with classrooms for children 2 1/2 to 6 years old Student choice of activity from within a prescribed range of options Uninterrupted blocks of work time, ideally three hours A “discovery” model, where students learn concepts from working …

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CHOOSING A MONTESSORI SCHOOL FOR YOUR CHILD

TIPS FOR FINDING THE RIGHT FIT Vision Some schools are more traditional, others are more flexible, taking into account changes in culture, research, and technology and incorporating these into the school’s culture.  Be sure the philosophy of the school matches your personal parenting philosophy. Teacher Preparation Dr. Montessori was very precise about the responsibilities of …

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MONTESSORI MATERIALS

The materials are carefully sequenced to break down each step for the child, and to make it possible for him/her to feel success at each step. The materials progress from the concrete to the abstract, appealing first to the child’s senses. The materials are manipulative, based on the fact that a child learns by doing. The materials are designed to isolate the …

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THE MONTESSORI APPROACH

THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF A MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT PRINCIPLES THIRTEEN – FIFTEEN Children are encouraged to dress themselves and be responsible for their own belongings.  Children need to wear clothing that the can manage in order to allow them to be independent. Asking permission to go to the restroom, to the water fountain, or to repeat …

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THE MONTESSORI APPROACH

THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF A MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT PRINCIPLES TEN – TWELVE The children in a Montessori environment are expected to respect their environment.  They are shown where lessons are found on the shelf and how to replace them in the correct manner.  Older children help with replenishing supplies on the shelves and cleaning up at …

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A MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT

THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF A MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT PRINCIPLES SEVEN – NINE Children freely choose work in the classroom, responding to internal needs and working individually for the most part. Individual work encourages independence; once a child has been presented with a lesson they are free to use it when they desire (if it’s not being …

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A MONTESSORI ENVIRONMENT

The General Principles of a Montessori Environment Principles Four – Six The children’s lessons are very purposeful, specifically catering to each stage of the child’s development.  The children work according to their choice and capability and no comparisons to children of equal age are made. The Montessori environment contains self-correcting materials.  The child’s self-esteem is …

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